Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire
The Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire is a trade guild of metalworkers based in Sheffield, England. It was incorporated in 1624 by an Act of Parliament. The head is called the Master Cutler. Its motto is French: Pour Y Parvenir a Bonne Foi, lit. 'To Succeed through Honest Endeavour'.
In the original act of Parliament, the company was given jurisdiction over:
- "all persons using to make Knives, Blades, Scissers, Sheeres, Sickles, Cutlery wares and all other wares and manufacture made or wrought of yron and steele, dwelling or inhabiting within the said Lordship and Liberty of Hallamshire, or within six miles compasse of the same".
This was expanded to include other trades by later acts, most notably steelmakers in 1860. In the same year the Company was given the right to veto any proposed name of a limited company anywhere in the United Kingdom which contains the word "Sheffield". It also supply marks to approved cutlers and promote Sheffield steelware.
The company has been based at Cutlers' Hall (opposite the cathedral on Church Street) since 1638. The current hall is the third to have been built on the site. The second was built in 1725 and the third in 1832. It was extended in 1867 and 1888. It was listed a Grade II* listed building in 1973. It is used for formal functions and award ceremonies for local businesses.
Members of the company are called freemen and currently number 447. The Master Cutler is elected each year from the freemen within the company. He or she also has 2 Wardens, 6 Searchers and 24 Assistants. The Company also employs a Clerk for administration and a Beadle to perform ceremonial duties. Since 1625, the Company has held an annual feast, inviting prominent people in order to showcase Sheffield's industry.
The Master Cutler for October 2017–2018 (the 379th) was Ken Cooke.
- Leader, Robert Eadon (1901). Sheffield in the eighteenth century. Sheffield: Sheffield Independent Press. hdl:2027/mdp.39015027325276. OCLC 558097073. OL 20503811M. Retrieved 10 August 2013 – via Internet Archive.
- Sheffield Records Online Sheffield Master Cutlers and Apprentices
- "Guidance - Incorporation and Names". Companies House. Companies House. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- Fletcher, J.S. (1919). Sheffield. Story of the English towns. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. hdl:2027/wu.89097470637. OCLC 609311860. OL 7091673M. Retrieved 8 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Historic England. "Cutlers' Hall, 7-15, Church Street, Sheffield, S1 1HG (1247108)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
- "The Company". Cutlers-Hallamshire.org.uk. Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- "A to Z of interesting facts". Cutlers-Hallamshire.org.uk. Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2019.
- "Historic date for first female Master Cutler". Sheffield Telegraph. Johnston Press. 15 September 2011. ISSN 0964-2188. OCLC 891090085. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- "New Master Cutler: 'We should not undervalue Sheffield'". The Star. Sheffield. 4 October 2017. ISSN 0964-2137. OCLC 1058421873. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Clyde Binfield, David Hey (1997) Mesters to Masters: A History of the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire (Oxford University Press) ISBN 0198289979