Wong Tai Sin
Wong Tai Sin (Huang Daxian)
Lanxi, Zhejiang, China
|Venerated in||Hong Kong and Jinhua|
|Major shrine||Wong Tai Sin Temple|
|Wong Tai Sin|
Wong Tai Sin or Huang Daxian (Chinese: 黃大仙) is a Chinese Taoist deity popular in Jinhua, Zhejiang, and Hong Kong with the power of healing. The name, meaning the "Great Immortal Wong (Huang)", is the divine form of Huang Chuping or Wong Cho Ping (黃初平; c. 328 – c. 386), a Taoist hermit from Jinhua during the Eastern Jin dynasty.
According to the text Self-Description of Chisongzi (赤松子自述; "Master Red Pine"), Wong Tai Sin was born Huang Chuping (Wong Cho Ping in Cantonese) in 328 in Lanxi, Jinhua, Zhejiang province. Western sources have him listed at c. 284 to 364 CE.
Wong Cho Ping is said to have experienced poverty and hunger, becoming a shepherd when he was eight years old. He began practising Taoism at the age of fifteen after meeting an immortal or saintly person on Red Pine Mountain in his hometown. Legend has it that he was able to transform stones into sheep forty years later. Wong Tai Sin later became known as the Red Pine Immortal (赤松仙子), after the mountain where he had his hermitage, and his birthday is celebrated on the 23rd of the eighth lunar month.
Influence in Hong Kong
The Wong Tai Sin area and Wong Tai Sin district are named after the deity. Today, Sik Sik Yuen is an educational and charitable foundation that, true to Leung's origins as a healer, runs a free clinic. In Hong Kong, there is one MTR station named after Wong Tai Sin and there is a Wong Tai Sin Temple. Many tourists from all over the world visit Wong Tai Sin Temple every day.
- "Chinese Immortal Huang Chuping, After Liang Kai". National Institutes for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Geertz, Armin W. McCutcheon, Russell T. Elliot Scott S. McCutcheon, Russell.  (2000) Perspectives on Method and Theory in the Study of Religion. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-11877-2
- Self-Descriptions of Chisongzi at the temple
- Siksikyuen. "Siksikyuen." "Bio." Retrieved on [2007-04-18].